IOM X PREMIERES NEW VIDEO TO HELP PREVENT EXPLOITATION OF DOMESTIC WORKERS

25 MAY 2016, JAKARTA
Summary
IOM X in partnership with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) today premiered Open Doors: An IOM X Production, aimed at preventing the exploitation of domestic workers in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region.

Scroll down for Bahasa Indonesia version

IOM X in partnership with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) today premiered Open Doors: An IOM X Production, aimed at preventing the exploitation of domestic workers in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region. “The 22-minute video carries a message to employers of domestic workers that a positive relationship with their domestic worker, based on trust and communication, helps create a happy home,” said Tara Dermott, Program Leader of IOM X, the International Organization for Migration's (IOM) campaign to encourage safe migration and public action to stop exploitation and human trafficking.

The video follows the stories of three families in ASEAN and domestic workers from Indonesia, the Philippines, and Myanmar.

Domestic workers are employed in private homes, providing services such as cleaning, laundry, shopping, cooking and caring for children and the elderly. Globally, one in every 13 female wage earners is employed in domestic work. Of the estimated 52 million domestic workers worldwide, 41 per cent are from Asia Pacific[1]. It is estimated that 1.9 million of the domestic workers from Asia Pacific are being exploited[2].

“Millions of women migrate in the Asia Pacific region to work as domestic workers, including those from Indonesia. Therefore, and in the spirit stipulated in the Palermo Protocol, it is inevitable for every Government in the region to work together with all stakeholders to prevent domestic workers from being victims of human trafficking. I welcome all initiatives, such as IOM X’s Open Doors, which is an innovative campaign to encourage safe migration and to stop exploitation and human trafficking,” said H.E. Retno Lestari Priansari Marsudi, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia.

"The Government of Indonesia continues to hard work to improve protection for all workers, including domestic workers who work in-country or overseas. There are millions of domestic workers who are vulnerable to exploitation and trafficking in persons. This remains the main concern of all member states of the ILO (including Indonesia) in order to handle this issue in a safe and fair way. I welcome the IOM X Happy Home Campaign, which speaks directly to the people who can stop the exploitation of workers in the domestic sector. Let’s put more attention on this issue and encourage both parties (workers and employers) to better understand their rights and obligations in order to create better environments for both domestic workers and the employers," said Mr. Hanif Dhakiri, Minister of Manpower, Ministry of Manpower of the Republic of Indonesia.

“Employers are the change-makers when it comes to stopping the exploitation of domestic workers. The aim of Open Doors is to encourage them to take the lead in creating happy home environments where exploitation can’t flourish. Making sure their domestic workers have a weekly day off, to spend where and how they please, as well as a way to communicate regularly with family and friends, are both steps in the right direction,” explained Dermott further.

Live-in domestic workers who have experienced exploitation have reported low pay or no pay at all, excessive working hours (such as being on call for 24 hours a day), no weekly day off, living in poor and unsafe conditions, inflated agency fees, debt-bondage, forced labour and forced confinement[3]. Severe forms of exploitation include deprivation of food and water, sexual abuse, rape, denial of health care services, being surveilled by cameras, having to ask to use the bathroom, and physical and psychological abuse.

“The United States remains committed to promoting dignity, freedom, human rights, and wellbeing of people around the world,” said U.S. Deputy Chief of Mission Brian McFeeters. “Human trafficking impedes health, economic growth, rule of law, women’s empowerment, and lifetime prospects for young people. We are proud to support this regional campaign to effectively address human trafficking and ensure protection of people throughout ASEAN, including domestic workers who are at higher risk for exploitation because the abuse can take place behind closed doors.”

Open Doors is a three-part drama about families and their domestic workers. Based in Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand, the three stories follow the challenges of each busy family, as they balance demanding work schedules, household duties and raising children, with the help of their domestic workers from the Philippines, Indonesia and Myanmar. In each story, the family goes through a moment of reflection, where they recognize that everyone needs a break, and that not meeting their domestic worker’s needs is having a negative impact on both the family and their employee. Each story in Open Doors was written, produced and directed by local talent in each country.

"We know that families and societies depend on their remittances as a significant input into household and national accounts. But even though migration provides economic opportunities for some women and a financial safety net for their families, many women are highly vulnerable to unfair treatment, exploitation, abuse and different forms of violence. This is especially the case for domestic and care workers,” said Roberta Clarke, Regional Director of UN Women Asia and the Pacific and Representative in Thailand.

Over 200 people attended the opening, including representatives from the Government of the Republic of Indonesia, U.S. Government, UN Women, Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), and counter-trafficking community. Additionally, over 80 domestic workers from the Jakarta area attended, along with student and online advocates, and local and international media.

During the event, IOM X and its supporters also premiered Sebuah Harapan: An IOM X PSA. This three-minute video, in Bahasa Indonesia with English subtitles, shares practical tips from Indonesian employers and current domestic workers on how they have created happy homes through open communication and mutual respect. Sebuah Harapan features Dede Yusuf, Head of Commission IX, House of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia, and Lita Anggraini, Executive Director of Jala PRT.

The event and programs were made possible through the support of IOM X’s partners, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Manpower of the Republic of Indonesia, ASEAN Secretariat, U.S. State Department, USAID, UN Women and the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). IOM X would also like to thank its wider program partners, Love Frankie, BBTV Channel 7 (Thailand), Nin Media, Rapid Asia, Jala PRT, SBMI, HomeNet, H.O.M.E., TWC2, UN Women Committee Singapore, Indonesian Family Network and the International Domestic Workers Federation.

To learn more about domestic worker rights, or to report suspected exploitation, please contact the following organizations:

In Indonesia: Jala PRT, www.jalaprt.co, jala_prt@yahoo.com, 021 217 971 629 (or +62 217 971 629 from outside of Indonesia)

In Singapore: H.O.M.E., www.home.org.sg, 1 800 797 7977 (or +65 6341 5525 from outside of Singapore)

In Thailand: HomeNet Thailand, puttinee.m@gmail.com, 02 513 9242 (or +66 2 513 9242 from outside of Thailand)

Visit IOMX.org/HappyHome to view the videos, test your knowledge about the domestic worker rights and take a quiz to find out if you would be a good employer.

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IOM X MELUNCURKAN VIDEO UNTUK MENCEGAH EKSPLOITASI TERHADAP PEKERJA RUMAH TANGGA

JAKARTA, 25 MEI 2016 –IOM X bekerja sama dengan U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) hari ini meluncurkan video Open Doors: An IOM X Production, yang bertujuan untuk mencegah eksploitasi terhadap pekerja rumah tangga di kawasan Asia Tenggara (ASEAN). “Video berdurasi 22 menit ini membawa pesan kepada pengguna jasa bahwa hubungan positif dengan pekerja rumah tangga yang didasari rasa saling percaya dan komunikasi yang baik dapat menciptakan rumah yang nyaman (happy home),” ungkap Tara Dermott, Program Leader, IOM X. IOM X adalah kampanye inovatif International Organization for Migration (IOM) untuk mendorong migrasi yang aman serta gerakan masyarakat dalam menghentikan eksploitasi dan tindak pidana perdagangan orang.

Video ini merupakan kisah dari 3 keluarga di ASEAN yang memiliki pekerja rumah tangga asal Indonesia, Filipina dan Myanmar.

Pekerja rumah tangga dipekerjakan di rumah pribadi, memberikan jasa/layanan seperti membersihkan rumah, mencuci, berbelanja, memasak dan menjaga/mengurus anak serta orang tua. Secara global, satu dari 13 perempuan penerima gaji dipekerjakan sebagai pekerja rumah tangga. Diperkirakan terdapat 52 juta pekerja rumah tangga di dunia, yang mana 41 persen berada di Asia Pasifik.[1]. Diperkirakan 1,9 juta pekerja rumah tangga di Asia Pasifik mengalami eksploitasi[2].

“Jutaan perempuan bermigrasi ke kawasan Asia Pasifik untuk bekerja sebagai pekerja rumah tangga, termasuk dari Indonesia. Oleh karena itu, dan sejalan dengan semangat yang ditetapkan dalam Protokol Palermo, merupakan sebuah kewajiban bagi setiap Pemerintah di kawasan untuk bekerjasama dengan seluruh pemangku kepentingan guna mencegah pekerja rumah tangga menjadi korban tindak pidana perdagangan orang. Saya menyambut baik semua inisitiaf, seperti Open Doors IOM X, yang merupakan kampanye inovatif untuk mendorong migrasi aman dan aksi publik dalam menghentikan eksploitasi dan tindak pidana perdagangan orang,” ungkap Muhammad Anshor, Direktur Jenderal Amerika dan Eropa, Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia.

"Pemerintah Indonesia terus bekerja keras meningkatkan perlindungan para pekerjanya, termasuk para pekerja rumah tangga yang bekerja di dalam maupun luar negeri. Jutaan pekerja sektor domestik di dunia rentan terhadap eksploitasi dan trafficking in person. Hal ini sangat menjadi perhatian negara-negara anggota ILO (termasuk Indonesia) untuk ditangani secara fair dan save. Untuk itu, Kami mengapresiasi kampanye IOM X Happy Home yang dapat membantu menyampaikan informasi secara langsung kepada masyarakat agar dapat menghentikan eksploitasi pekerja di sektor rumah tangga. Mari kita memberikan perhatian lebih kepada isu ini dan mendorong kedua belah pihak (pekerja dan pengguna jasa) agar lebih memahami hak dan kewajibannya masing-masing yang pada gilirannya dapat menciptakan lingkungan kerja yang nyaman, baik bagi pekerja rumah tangga maupun pengguna jasanya,” ungkap Bapak Hanif Dhakiri, Menteri Ketenagakerjaan Republik Indonesia

“Pengguna jasa adalah agen perubahan dalam menghentikan eksploitasi terhadap pekerja rumah tangga. Tujuan Open Doors adalah mendorong mereka untuk menjadi orang-orang terdepan dalam menciptakan lingkungan rumah yang nyaman (happy home) sehingga tidak ada lagi eksploitasi. Dengan memastikan bahwa setiap minggunya pekerja rumah tangga mendapatkan hari libur yang dapat digunakan untuk melakukan kegiatan apapun di mana pun sesuai dengan keinginannya, dan juga dapat berkomunikasi secara rutin dengan keluarga dan kerabatnya, hal ini merupakan langkah-langkah menuju arah yang tepat,” Dermott menjelaskan lebih lanjut.

Pekerja rumah tangga yang tinggal bersama pengguna jasa dan mengalami eksploitasi telah melaporkan bahwa mereka dibayar dengan gaji rendah atau bahkan tidak dibayar sama sekali, jam kerja yang berlebihan -- seperti harus siap bekerja 24 jam sehari, tidak ada hari libur setiap minggunya, kondisi hidup yang buruk dan tidak aman, biaya agensi yang berlebihan, jeratan hutang, kerja paksa dan dikurung secara paksa[3]. Bentuk eksploitasi terburuk adalah pembatasan makan dan minum, kekerasan seksual, pemerkosaan, tidak diberi akses layanan kesehatan, diawasi oleh kamera pengintai, diharuskan meminta izin untuk ke kamar mandi, serta penyiksaan fisik dan psikologis.

“Pemerintah Amerika Serikat terus berkomitmen untuk meningkatkan martabat, kebebasan, hak asasi manusia dan kesejahteraan masyarakat di dunia,” ujar Wakil Duta Besar Amerika Serikat untuk Indonesia, Brian McFeeters. “Tindak pidana perdagangan orang dapat menghambat kesehatan, peningkatan ekonomi, supremasi hukum, pemberdayaan perempuan, dan masa depan anak-anak muda. Kami sangat mendukung kampanye regional untuk secara efektif menangani tindak pidana perdagangan orang dan memberikan perlindungan kepada masyarakat di ASEAN, termasuk pekerja rumah tangga yang memiliki resiko tinggi terhadap eksploitasi karena kekerasan/penyalahgunaan dapat terjadi secara tersembunyi”.

Open Doors: An IOM X Production adalah drama yang terdiri dari tiga bagian mengenai keluarga dan pekerja rumah tangganya. Berlokasi di Singapura, Malaysia, dan Thailand, ketiga kisah drama ini menceritakan tantangan dari kesibukan masing-masing keluarga, yang mana mereka berupaya mengimbangi tuntutan kerja, pekerjaan rumah tangga dan membesarkan anak, dengan bantuan pekerja rumah tangga yang berasal dari Filipina, Indonesia dan Myanmar. Di dalam setiap kisah, keluarga mengalami momen refleksi dimana mereka menyadari bahwa setiap orang membutuhkan istirahat dan dengan tidak terpenuhinya kebutuhan pekerja rumah tangga ini dapat menimbulkan dampak negatif, baik terhadap keluarga maupun pekerja rumah tangga mereka. Masing-masing kisah/cerita di Open Doors ditulis, diproduksi dan disutradarai oleh bakat-bakat lokal di masing-masing negara.

"Kami menyadari bahwa keluarga dan masyarakat bergantung pada remitansi/kiriman uang dari pekerja rumah tangga sebagai pemasukan signifikan terhadap rumah tangga dan devisa negara. Akan tetapi, meskipun migrasi menyediakan peluang ekonomi bagi perempuan dan jaminan keamanan finansial bagi keluarga mereka, banyak perempuan yang sangat rentan terhadap perlakuan tidak adil, eksploitasi, penyiksaan, dan berbagai bentuk kekerasan, khususnya dalam kasus pekerja rumah tangga dan pengasuh anak/orang tua,” ungkap Roberta Clarke, Direktur Regional UN Women untuk Asia dan Pasifik serta Perwakilan di Thailand.

Lebih dari 200 orang menghadiri acara pembukaan, termasuk perwakilan dari Pemerintah Republik Indonesia, Pemerintah Amerika Serikat, UN Women, Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), Sekretariat ASEAN dan masyarakat yang peduli tindak pidana perdagangan orang. Selain itu, lebih dari 80 pekerja rumah tangga dari wilayah Jakarta turut hadir, bersama dengan pelajar dan advokat online, serta media lokal dan internasional.

Di dalam acara ini, IOM X juga meluncurkan video Sebuah Harapan: An IOM X PSA. Video berdurasi 3 menit, dalam Bahasa Indonesia dan teks Bahasa Inggris, yang memberikan saran-saran dari pengguna jasa dan pekerja rumah tangga tentang bagaimana mereka dapat menciptakan rumah yang nyaman (happy home) melalui komunikasi terbuka dan rasa saling menghormati. Sebuah Harapan menampilkan Dede Yusuf, Ketua Komisi IX, Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Repubik Indonesia, dan Lita Anggraini, Direktur Eksekutif Jala PRT.

Acara dan program ini dapat berlangsung atas dukungan para mitra IOM X, Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia dan Kementerian Tenaga Kerja Republik Indonesia. Sekretariat ASEAN, U.S. State Department, USAID, UN Women and the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). IOM X juga ingin mengucapkan terima kasih mitra program lainnya, yaitu Love Frankie, BBTV Channel 7 (Thailand), Nin Media, Rapid Asia, Jala PRT, SBMI, HomeNet, H.O.M.E., TWC2, UN Women Committee Singapore, Indonesian Family Network dan International Domestic Workers Federation.

Untuk mengetahui lebih banyak tentang hak-hak pekerja rumah tangga, silakan hubungi organisasi di bawah ini:

Di Indonesia: Jala PRT, http://www.jalaprt.co/, jala_prt@yahoo.com, +6221 7971629 (atau +62 217 971 629 dari luar Indonesia)

Di Singapura: H.O.M.E., www.home.org.sg, 1 800 797 7977 (atau +65 6341 5525 dari luar Singapura)

Di Thailand: HomeNet Thailand, puttinee.m@gmail.com, 02 513 9242 (atau +66 2 513 9242 dari luar Thailand)

Kunjungi IOMX.org/HappyHome untuk melihat video, menguji pengetahuan Anda mengenai hak-hak pekerja rumah tangga dan kuis untuk mengetahui apakah Anda akan menjadi pengguna jasa yang baik.


[1] http://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/newsroom/n...
[2] ILO: Profits and Poverty: The Economics of Forced Labour (2014)
[3] http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current serie...

Quotes
"Employers are the change-makers when it comes to stopping the exploitation of domestic workers. The aim of Open Doors is to encourage them to take the lead in creating happy home environments where exploitation can’t flourish. Making sure their domestic workers have a weekly day off, to spend where and how they please, as well as a way to communicate regularly with family and friends, are both steps in the right direction." Tara Dermott, Program Leader, IOM X
"The United States remains committed to promoting dignity, freedom, human rights, and wellbeing of people around the world. Human trafficking impedes health, economic growth, rule of law, women’s empowerment, and lifetime prospects for young people. We are proud to support this regional campaign to effectively address human trafficking and ensure protection of people throughout ASEAN, including domestic workers who are at higher risk for exploitation because the abuse can take place behind closed doors." Brian McFeeters, U.S. Deputy Chief of Mission
"We know that families and societies depend on their remittances as a significant input into household and national accounts. But even though migration provides economic opportunities for some women and a financial safety net for their families, many women are highly vulnerable to unfair treatment, exploitation, abuse and different forms of violence. This is especially the case for domestic and care workers." Roberta Clarke, Regional Director of UN Women Asia and the Pacific and Representative in Thailand
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About IOM X

IOM X is the International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) innovative campaign to encourage safe migration and public action to stop exploitation and human trafficking.

The campaign leverages the power and popularity of media and technology to inspire young people and their communities to act against human trafficking. IOM X moves beyond raising awareness to effecting behaviour change by applying a Communication for Development (C4D), evidenced-based and participatory framework to tailor messaging for its activities.

The campaign is produced in partnership with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

Learn more at IOMX.org

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